Groin pain is a recurrent symptom on football players. It can appear due to multiple reasons, being the most frequent a STRENGTH IMBALANCE between abdominal muscles and leg adductor muscles, as both insert into the pubic symphysis. When the adductors are considerably stronger than abdominals, the traction generated by the adductors over the pubis, when the athlete runs, jumps, or kicks the ball. These movements can produce inflammation and such pain in the area. Such pain does not need to be localized and can migrate to other areas over the days.
To prevent it, a good strength needs to be acquired, by performing specific abdominal girdle exercises, avoiding the mentioned imbalance. It is worth noting that these muscles insert themselves in the bone and transmit loads through the tendons, so it is essential to KEEP a good HYDRATION to prevent this injury.
Once the pain appears, a treatment protocol may be applied, combining CORE training with adductor ISOMETRIC EXERCISES at the beginning to alleviate pain, as well as STRETCHING to guarantee proper range of movement of these muscles.
As the pathology progresses, other dynamic adductor exercises will be introduced.
Bear in mind that muscle training is as important as the time needed to assimilate this workload. Furthermore, other possible imbalances in gluteal, flexor and rotator hip muscles must be considered.
Always follow up with your physical therapist to assess your pathology and supervise your progress.